CALL FOR PAPERS: Cultural heterologies and democracy. Culture in the Baltic countries in the 1990s.
View from Viinistu during our research group's seminar in summer 2020. Photo: Mari Laaniste

CALL FOR PAPERS: Cultural heterologies and democracy. Culture in the Baltic countries in the 1990s.

NB! Deadline for abstracts extended until May 4th, 2021.

The 1990s in the post-Soviet countries were characterised by a particular sense of density and polyarchy. This was emphasised by the emergence and adoption of new ways of thinking, the concentration of time and the intensification of cultural activity, the testing of limits and radical possibilities, and the enmeshing of political and cultural practices. Although at first sight similar, these processes unfolded with significant local differences. The events setting off or determining the course of these processes did not occur entirely simultaneously and had different outlets; they were brought about by various historical developments, and cultural conditions and interests. Several processes started in the second half of the 1980s or even earlier. Among the cultural spheres – theatre, visual arts, literature, music and the humanities – these processes intensified and established social connections differently. On closer inspection, the imaginary unity of time and space in the 1990s was fractured by singularities and differences. A set of politically significant turning points, institutional configurations and art events, artworks and texts that resonated outside the cultural sphere all played a role. The intensity of such events is precisely what erodes a coherent view of the 1990s.

The planned seminar invites participants to reflect on:
– what linked and what distinguished the cultural politics in the 1990s in the Baltic countries; – what methods could be used to examine the post-Soviet culture of the 1990s;
– what the transgressive tendencies were that undercut the fabric of the imaginary unity between different cultural spheres.

As one of the starting points, we propose the concept of the democratisation of the aesthetic field. The democracy of the aesthetic field conditions what is possible (visible, expressible and doable) within a new cultural situation and shapes who determines the meanings in cultural communication. This allows us to consider various aesthetic discrepancies – discordances, interferences and conflicts between different elements – as parts of the broader politics of aesthetics within the same dynamic cultural situation. The process of democratisation also involved a new organisation of the relations between the private and public spheres. Concurrently, the seminar focuses on individual events and works which resonated beyond the cultural sphere, exposing tensions and rifts in society, and prompting public discussions or even animosity towards culture. The capacity of such cultural acts and events to transfigure social reality may have been unintentional but could have also been motivated by a certain utopian intention, inevitably raising the question of the democratic position of culture in contemporary society.

The seminar “Cultural heterologies and democracy” will take place in Viinistu, in northern Estonia, on 17–19 August 2021. The presentations will last 20 minutes. Please notify us of your desire to participate and submit your abstract by May 4th at the latest by contacting or

Abstracts should be no longer than 300 words in length. Participation is free and the organisers will provide accommodation and meals in Viinistu (at the Viinistu hotel and conference centre, Participation will be confirmed in early May 2021.

The seminar is being organised by the Research Group of Contemporary Estonian Culture, which unites scholars from the Estonian Academy of Arts, Tallinn University and the University of Tartu. The research is funded by the project PRG636 “Patterns of Development in Estonian Culture of the Transition Period (1986–1998).”

Epp Annus received the Estonian National Research Award

Epp Annus received the Estonian National Research Award

On February 11th, Estonian government announced the receivers of National Research Awards, including Epp Annus, senior researcher of the Research Group of Contemporary Estonian Culture. Epp got this award for her work on Soviet colonialism.

In the words of the judging panel: “Epp Annus has created and developed the concept of Soviet colonialism and made it part of academic research of culture, society and philosophy. Soviet colonialism means suppression of a sovereign country by a foreign power under the cloak of ideology and the colonists’ attempt to transform the native population into “soviet citizens” convenient to the regime. By this concept Epp Annus creates the new paradigm of Estonia’s recent history, emphasizing colonialism instead of occupation, tying it to sovietization and extensive reconfiguring of peoples’ mindset.”

In English, Epp has written a monograph about Soviet colonialism “Soviet Postcolonial Studies. A View from the Western Borderlands” (Routledge, 2018) and edited the article collection “Coloniality, Nationality, Modernity. A Postcolonial View on Baltic Cultures under Soviet Rule” (Routledge, 2018) and a special issue of the Journal of Baltic Studies, “Between Arts and Politics: A Postcolonial View on Baltic Cultures of the Soviet era” (2016). She has also written a monograph in Estonian “Sotskolonialism Eesti NSV-s: võim, kultuur, argielu” (‘Soviet Colonialism in the Estonian SSR: Power, Culture, Everyday Life’, 2019) and edited the article collections “Mitmele isandale loodud kunst. Sotskolonialism ja Eesti” (‘Art for Different Lords. Soviet Colonialism and Estonia’, 2020) and “Minu lapsepõlvekodu oli Eesti NSV-s: humanitaarid meenutavad” (‘My Childhood Home Was in the ESSR. Memories of Estonian Literary Scholars’, 2019), and also the special issue of the journal Methis, “Sotskolonialism Eesti NSV-s: kultuurist argiilmani” (‘Soviet Colonialism in the ESSR: From Culture to Everyday Life’, 2017).

Congratulations, Epp!